Pronouns, adjectives, and articles must agree with their nouns in both gender and number. Consider the examples below and note how the article and adjective change to agree with each noun.
- Masculine singular: Le chat noir — The black cat
- Masculine plural: Les chats noirs — The black cats
- Feminine singular: La robe noire — The black dress
- Feminine plural: Les robes noires — The black dresses
Not all adjectives change forms. For instance, riche is the same for both masculine and feminine singular nouns.